According to studies, more than 300 million men and women live with depression worldwide. In 2017, 7% of Americans had at least one episode of the condition and were placed on antidepressant drugs. These numbers show just how serious the condition has become in society. Stressful situations or traumatic experiences usually cause the condition. To treat someone with depression is not an easy task.
The condition is a mental health disorder that gets you in a low mood and hopeless about life. It may not be evident that the person is going through the condition because people can have frequent periods where they feel low. Depressed people can smile with you like they usually do in everyday life, but deep down, they are going through a lot. This is one reason that makes the condition hard to identify.
The symptoms of the condition also vary from person to person. The more progressed the condition, the worse the symptoms can get. When your friend or loved one is depressed, you are always cautious about what you say or do because you have no idea how that person will perceive it. It can be a difficult period for both friends and family to handle such a person. However, with the right knowledge, you can help the person get through the condition effectively.
Symptoms of the condition.
Depressed patients can present with symptoms such as:
1. They feel worthless and with no meaning in life.
2. They are generally fatigued and too exhausted for any kind of activity.
3. Their appetite can either increase or decrease.
4. They develop suicidal thoughts and might act on them.
5. They have insomnia or excessive sleepiness.
6. They easily get mad at things other people say or do.
7. They no longer care about basic hygiene, such as brushing their teeth and
combing their hair.
8. They lack interest in activities they once loved to do.
9. They appear sad most of the time.
10. They lock themselves up in their room all day.
How to treat the condition.
Depressed patients need immediate medical attention because the condition can worsen if left untreated. Once they present with the symptoms, they should seek help, usually from a psychiatrist that will prescribe medications to relieve symptoms of depression. Treatment of depressed patients should also encompass supportive treatment from friends and family so that the patient can stop feeling isolated and hopeless.
Medication treatment recommended to people with depression mainly includes antidepressant drugs. Commonly prescribed classes of antidepressants include:
1. Selective Serotonin Receptor Inhibitors (SSRIs).
2. Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs).
3. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs).
These drugs work by regulating levels of neurotransmitters in the brain when someone is dealing with depression responsible for controlling moods. SSRIs, for example, affect the levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that controls moods like happiness.
The person also needs to have therapy sessions with a psychiatrist who will be evaluating their mental health status. The therapy sessions are scheduled on a weekly or daily basis, depending on the severity of the condition.